Article No. 95

How would you rate this article?






Create a Notebook

You currently don't have any notebooks.

If you want to save this article into a notebook, you can create one now.

Article No. 95


What is the issue?

Let us know in a brief paragraph or sentence why you are flagging this article. Here are some other issues we, at CodeHealth, would like to know about:

  • Spam or misleading content
  • Violation of privacy
  • Unnecessary sexual content
  • Unnecessary violent content
  • Hateful or abusive content
  • Promotion of harmful acts


Flagged articles and users are reviewed withing 24 - 48 hours upon submission of a report. The report will be reviewed to determine whether the article and it's author (user) has violated CodeHealth's Terms of Use and/or Community Guidelines. Accounts are penalized for violations to either the Terms of Use and/or Community Guidlines. Repeated violations can lead to account termination.

Thank you for your report, it will be reviewed within the next 24-48 hrs.
Quick memory aid for Altered Mental Status (AMS)

Quick memory aid for Altered Mental Status (AMS)

Table of Contents


An Altered Mental Status is characterized as being a state in which mental function is changed or altered. It often causes confusion, lethargy, amnesia, loss of alertness, disorientation, and other abnormal changes in a patients "normal" mental functioning. 

This is a quick memory aid on remembering the important factors that may cause AMS. Please note that causes of AMS are not limited to this list. 


G: Glucose: Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia (e.x. HHNS)

O: O2: Hypoxia, Overdose

A: Alcohol (e.x. Korsakoff syndrome), drugs, and withdrawal 

T: Trauma (e.x. Increased ICP, non-cerebral major hemorrhage) or Exo and Endogenous Toxins (e.x. Liver failure, and, Acidosis and alkalosis, environmental toxins)

T: Temperature: Hyperthermia or Hypothermia

S: Seizures and Post-ictal phase, Psychiatry (/sa??ka??tri/)

I: Infection: (e.x. Sepsis, Meningitis, Pneumonia, Encephalitis, and etcetera)

V: Vascular: Stroke and TIA, Cranial hemorrhage, Tumors, 


About the Author

Jean-Christophe Rioux
Hey, Bonjour, My name is Jean-Christophe Rioux, I'm a medical student in the city of Montreal located in the province of Quebec, Canada.
Add Section
  • New Section
    Creates a new section with
    subtitle and text

  • Text Block
    Insert text without a subtitle

  • Image
    Insert an inline image

Add Margin
  • Text Block
    Insert text without a subtitle

  • Image
    Insert an inline image

Upgrade Your Account
Case Set Name