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An Altered Mental Status is characterized as being a state in which mental function is changed or altered. It often causes confusion, lethargy, amnesia, loss of alertness, disorientation, and other abnormal changes in a patients "normal" mental functioning.
This is a quick memory aid on remembering the important factors that may cause AMS. Please note that causes of AMS are not limited to this list.
G: Glucose: Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia (e.x. HHNS)
O: O2: Hypoxia, Overdose
A: Alcohol (e.x. Korsakoff syndrome), drugs, and withdrawal
T: Trauma (e.x. Increased ICP, non-cerebral major hemorrhage) or Exo and Endogenous Toxins (e.x. Liver failure, and, Acidosis and alkalosis, environmental toxins)
T: Temperature: Hyperthermia or Hypothermia
S: Seizures and Post-ictal phase, Psychiatry (/sa??ka??tri/)
I: Infection: (e.x. Sepsis, Meningitis, Pneumonia, Encephalitis, and etcetera)
V: Vascular: Stroke and TIA, Cranial hemorrhage, Tumors,
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